UTI is a common infection caused by bacteria that can affect several parts of the Urinary tract including urethra, urinary bladder, ureter or kidneys¹. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in humans.
Its more common in women than men because women have a shorter urethra. This makes it easier for bacteria to get into the bladder.
The bacteria Eschericia Coli is the most common cause of UTI. Other bacterias that can cause UTI include: Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis.⁵
|Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)||Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)|
|Not sexually transmitted||Sexually transmitted|
|No vaginal discharge||Abnormal Vaginal discharge|
|No Genital blisters or rash||Genital blisters or rashes|
Uncomplicated UTI: Lower urinary tract infection (UTI) in either men or non-pregnant women who are otherwise healthy.
Complicated UTI: A Lower urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with risk factors that increase the likelihood and danger of the infection or make it very difficult to treat e.g. Diabetes, immunosuppression, and abnormalities such as obstruction or inability to pass urine completely.
Recurrent urinary tract infections (RUTIs): Having two or more infections in six months or 3 or more infections in a year due to a persistent bacterial infection.⁶
Having a history of recurrent UTIs is a significant risk factor for future occurrences. If you have experienced UTIs in the past, it is essential to take preventive measures to reduce the likelihood of future infections. Working closely with your healthcare provider can help develop an effective management plan tailored to your needs.
The bacteria that cause UTIs live in the area around your anus. Having sex can move bacteria toward the front, where it can more easily enter your urethra and travel to your bladder.
Pregnancy leads to changes in the urinary tract, which can make it harder to fully empty your bladder. Pregnancy hormones may also change the chemical makeup of your urine in ways that could encourage bad bacterial growth.
Not going to the bathroom when you have to or not emptying your bladder completely when you go can lead to a buildup of bad bacteria in your bladder.
Older adults and young children are more likely to get UTIs
Wiping the Wrong Way ,wiping from back to front can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract after using the toilet. Wipe from front to back instead.
Diabetes can cause higher sugar levels in the blood and urine. Higher sugar levels in the urine can promote the growth of bacteria.
These forms of birth control can make it easier for harmful bacteria to enter the urinary tract. Spermicides may kill off good bacteria in and around the vagina, making it easier for harmful bacteria to thrive.
The increased vaginal dryness that often results from a drop in estrogen levels when transitioning to menopause can increase your odds of getting a UTI.
There’s not much space between the opening to your urethra, your vagina, and your rectum, and wearing a thong, a teddy, or string-bikini underwear can trap bacteria in the vaginal area.
Talk to your healthcare professional if you have symptoms of a UTI or for any symptom that is severe or concerning.Taking antibiotics, prescribed by a healthcare professional, at home can treat most UTIs.However, some cases may require treatment in a hospital.
Your healthcare professional will determine if you have a UTI by:
Bacteria cause UTIs and antibiotics treat them. However, any time you take antibiotics, they can cause side effects. Side effects can include rash, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, and yeast infections.
Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics such as Fosfomycin, Nitrofurantoin ,Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid among others.
Sometimes other illnesses, such as sexually transmitted diseases, have symptoms like UTIs. Your healthcare professional can determine if a UTI or different illness is causing your symptoms and determine the best treatment.
When your healthcare professional prescribes you antibiotics:
Antibiotic resistance is when bacteria (germs) are able to survive or grow despite the use of an antibiotic that was previously able to stop them. (WHO)
Some resistant infections cause severe illness. People with these infections may